The colon is a portion of the digestive tract through which the body extracts the salt and waste from solid wastes. These wastes would be moved through rectum then exits through anus. Colon cancer begins in the large Intestine or colon when the tumorous growths are developed. Colon cancer is the third most common type of cancer in the United States. Colon cancer begins as the small and noncancerous clumps in cells called the polyps in the colon. Colon cancer will affect the large intestine, and its symptoms are not seen until the last stage. Gastrointestinal problems are some of the common symptoms.
TYPES OF COLON CANCER:
Adenocarcinoma – Adenocarcinoma is a tumor that starts as a line in the internal organ. The word "Adeno" is means gland. Tumors mainly begin as a cell with glandular properties and could also be formed in many other organs like breast or lungs. Adenomatous polyps continue to grow, turning into the malignant tumors.
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GIST) – Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors are seen in the muscle tissues in the digestive tract and rarely seen in the colon. At the early stage, it starts as a benign (noncancerous) then turns into cancer.
Lymphoma – Lymphoma is a type of cancer that is mainly seen in the Lymph node which is an essential part of the immune system.
Carcinoids – Carcinoids are common tumors seen in the intestine. However, the tumor does not create any symptoms.
Turcot Syndrome – Turcot syndrome is one of the rare disorders that include colorectal polyposis, brain tumors, and colon cancer.
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